1984 The Law of the Gospel fulfils and surpasses the Old Law and brings it to perfection: its promises, through the Beatitudes of the Kingdom of heaven; its commandments, by reforming the heart, the root of human acts.

1985 The New Law is a law of love, a law of grace, a law offreedom.

1986 Besides its precepts the New Law includes the evangelical counsels. ‘The Church’s holiness is fostered in a special way by the man jfold counsels which the Lord proposes to his disciples in the Gospel’ (LG 42 §2).

Article 2




1987 The grace of the Holy Spirit has the power to justify us, that


is, to cleanse us from our sins and to communicate to us ‘the

righteousness of God through faith in Jesus Christ’ and through Baptism:34

But if we have died with Christ, we believe that we shall also live with him. For we know that Christ being raised from the dead will never die again; death no longer has dominion over him. The death he died he died to sin, once for all, but the life he lives he lives to God. So you also must consider yourselves as dead to sin and alive to God in Christ Jesus.35 1988 Through the power of the Holy Spirit we take part in


Christ’s Passion by dying to sin, and in his Resurrection by being

born to a new life; we are members of his Body which is the Church, branches grafted onto the vine which is himself:~6 [God~ gave himself to us through his Spirit. By the participation of the 460 Spirit, we become communicants in the divine nature... For this reason, those in whom the Spirit dwells are divinized.37


1989 The first work of the grace of the Holy Spirit is conversion,

effecting justification in accordance with Jesus’ proclamation at
the beginning of the Gospel: ‘Repent, for the kingdom of heaven is at hand.’~8 Moved by grace, man turns towards God and away from sin, thus accepting forgiveness and righteousness from on high. ‘Justification is not only the remission of sins, but also the sanctification and renewal of the interior man.’39