1925 The common good consists of three essential elements: respect for and promotion ofthe fundamental rights of the person; prosperity, or the development of the spiritual and temporal goods of society; the peace and security of the group and of its members.

1926 The dignity of the human person requires the pursuit of the common good. Everyone should be concerned to create and support institutions that improve the conditions of human ljfe.

1927 It is the role of the state to defend and promote the common good of civil society. The common good of the whole human family calls for an organization of society on the international level.

Article 3


1928 Society ensures social justice when it provides the conditions 2832 that allow associations or individuals to obtain what is their due, according to their nature and their vocation. Social justice is linked to the common good and the exercise of authority.


Respect for the Human Person

1929 Social justice can be obtained only in respecting the transcendent dignity of man. The person represents the ultimate end of i88i society, which is ordered to him: What is at stake is the dignity of the human person, whose defence and promotion have been entrusted to us by the Creator, and to whom the men and women at every moment of history are strictly and responsibly in debt.35 1930 Respect for the human person entails respect for the rights that flow from his dignity as a creature. These rights are prior to 1700 society and must be recognized by it. They are the basis of the moral legitimacy of every authority: by flouting them, or refusing 1902 to recognize them in its positive legislation, a society undermines its own moral legitimacy.~6 If it does not respect them, authority can rely only on force or violence to obtain obedience from its subjects. It is the Church’s role to remind men of good will of these rights, and to distinguish them from unwarranted or false claims. 1931 Respect for the human person proceeds by way of respect for the principle that ‘everyone should look upon his neighbour 2212 (without any exception) as “another self”, above all bearing in