Societies not recognizing this vision or rejecting it in the name of their independence from God are brought to seek their criteria and goal in themselves or to borrow them from some ideology. Since they do not admit that one can defend an objective criterion of good and evil, they arrogate to themselves an explicit or implicit totalitarian power over man and his destiny, as history shows.5’ 2245 The Church, because of her commission and competence, is not to be confused in any way with the political community. She 912 is both the sign and the safeguard of the transcendent character of the human person. ‘The Church respects and encourages the political freedom and responsibility of the citizen.’52 2246 It is a part of the Church’s mission ‘to pass moraljudgements 2420 even in matters related to politics, whenever the fundamental rights of man or the salvation of souls requires it. The means, the 2032 only means, she may use are those which are in accord with the Gospel and the welfare of all men according to the diversity of times and circumstances.’53


2247 ‘Honour your father and your mother’ (Dt s:i6; Mk 7:10).

2248 According to the fourth commandment, God has willed that, after him, we should honour our parents and those whom he has vested with authority f or our good.

2249 The conjugal community is established upon the covenant and consent of the spouses. Marriage and family are ordered to the good of the spouses, to the procreation and the education of children.

2250 ‘The well-being of the individual person and of both human and Christian society is closely bound up with the healthy state of conjugal and family life’ (GS47~I).

2251 Children owe their parents respect, gratitude,just obedience and assistance. Filial respect fosters harmony in all offamily l~fe.

2252 Parents have thefirst responsibilityfor the education oftheir children in the faith, prayer and all the virtues. They have the duty to provide as far as possible for the physical and spiritual needs of their children.

2253 Parents should respect and encourage their children’s vocations. They should remember and teach that the first calling of the Christian is to follow Jesus.