1838 Temperance moderates the attraction of the pleasures of the senses and provides balance in the use of created goods. 1839 The moral virtues grow through education, deliberate acts and per severance in struggle. Divine grace pur i fies and elevates them.

1840 The theological virtues dispose Christians to live in a relationship with the Holy Trinity. They have God for their origin, their motive and their object — God known by faith, God hoped in and loved for his own sake.

1841 There are three theological virtues: faith, hope and charity. They inform all the moral virtues and give l~fe to them.

1842 By faith, we believe in God and believe all that he has revealed to us and that Holy Church pro poses for our belief.

1843 By hope we desire, and with steadfast trust a~waitfrom God, eternal ljfe and the graces to merit it.

1844 By charity, we love God above all things and our neighbour as ourselves for love of God. Charity, the form of all the virtues, ‘binds everything together in perfect harmony’ (Col 3:14).

1845 The seven gjfis of the Holy Spirit bestowed upon Christians are wisdom, understanding, counsel,fortitude, knowledge, piety and fear of the Lord.

Article 8


L Mercy and Sin 1846 The Gospel is the revelation in Jesus Christ of God’s mercy 430 to sinners.”3 The angel announced to Joseph: ‘You shall call his ameJesus, for he will save his people from their sins.”4 The same ~s true of the Eucharist, the sacrament of redemption: ‘This is my 1365 lood of the covenant, which is poured out for many for the orgiveness of sins.”5

1847 ‘God created us without us: but he did not will to save us ithout us.”6 To receive his mercy, we must admit our faults. ‘If 387, 1455 e say we have no sin, we deceive ourselves, and the truth is not in s. If we confess our sins, he is faithful and just, and will forgive ur sins and cleanse us from all unrighteousness.”7 848 As St Paul affirms, ‘Where sin increased, grace abounded all e more.”8 But to do its work grace must uncover sin so as to